Occupational therapy

Occupational therapy (OT) is a healthcare profession that focuses on helping people of all ages achieve greater independence and quality of life. Occupational therapists work with individuals who have physical, cognitive, or mental health conditions that impact their ability to perform everyday activities.

The goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to participate in activities that are meaningful and purposeful to them, such as self-care, work, leisure, and social participation. Occupational therapists use a client-centered approach, which means that they work closely with clients to identify their goals, strengths, and challenges, and develop customized treatment plans to help them achieve their goals.

Services provided by Occupational Therapists


OT can help children with developmental delays or disabilities, such as cerebral palsy or autism spectrum disorder, to develop their fine motor skills, social skills, and play skills, and participate in activities that are important for their development.


OT can help individuals recover from injuries or illnesses, such as strokes or traumatic brain injuries, and regain their ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) like bathing, dressing, and eating.

Mental health

OT can help individuals with mental health conditions, such as depression, anxiety, or bipolar disorder, to develop coping skills and strategies to manage their symptoms and improve their ability to participate in meaningful activities.


OT can help older adults maintain their independence and quality of life, by addressing age-related changes in physical and cognitive function, and providing interventions to prevent falls, manage chronic conditions, and promote social engagement.

Interventions used by Occupational Therapists

Adaptations and modifications

OTs can modify the environment, equipment, or activities to make them more accessible and easier to perform.

Assistive technology

OTs can provide assistive devices, such as wheelchairs, grab bars, or communication devices, to help individuals perform daily activities more independently.


OTs can work with clients to develop or improve skills needed to perform everyday activities, such as cooking, dressing, or driving.

Sensory integration

OTs can use sensory integration techniques to help individuals with sensory processing difficulties to regulate their sensory experiences and participate in activities that might otherwise be challenging.